Neuroprotective mechanism of the hypoxic postconditioning involves HIF1-associated normalization of the pentose phosphate pathway activity in rat brainстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 12 сентября 2019 г.

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[1] Neuroprotective mechanism of the hypoxic postconditioning involves hif1-associated normalization of the pentose phosphate pathway activity in rat brain / O. Vetrovoy, K. Sarieva, O. Galkina et al. // Neurochemical Research. — 2019. — Vol. 44, no. 6. — P. 1425–1436. Post-conditioning is exposure of an injured organism to the same harmful factors but of milder intensity which mobilizes endogenous protective mechanisms. Recently, we have developed a novel noninvasive post-conditioning (PostC) protocol involving three sequential episodes of mild hypobaric hypoxia which exerts pronounced neuroprotective action. In particular, it prevents development of pathological cascades caused by severe hypobaric hypoxia (SH) such as cellular loss, lipid peroxidation, abnormal neuroendocrine responses and behavioural deficit in experimental animals. Development of these post-hypoxic pathological effects has been associated with the delayed reduction of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) regulatory α-subunit levels in rat hippocampus, whereas PostC up-regulated it. The present study has been aimed at experimental examination of the hypothesis that intrinsic mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective and antioxidant effects of PostC involves HIF1-dependent stimulation of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). We have observed that SH leads to a decrease of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in the hippocampus and neocortex of rats as well as to a reduction in NADPH and total glutathione levels. This depletion of the antioxidant defense system together with excessive lipid peroxidation during the reoxygenation phase resulted in increased oxidative stress and massive cellular death observed after SH. In contrast, PostC led to normalization of G6PD activity, stabilization of the NADPH and total glutathione levels and thereby resulted in recovery of the cellular redox state and prevention of neuronal death. Our data suggest that stabilization of the antioxidant system via HIF1-associated PPP regulation represents an important neuroprotective mechanism enabled by PostC. [ DOI ]

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